Major Hazards Specialised Centers
European and Mediterranean
Major Hazards Agreement
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Ukraine

Identification of good governance practices in the management of nuclear disasters and cross‐border technology

Project background

In 2011, after Fukushima nuclear accident, the meeting of the EUR-OPA Permanent Correspondents requested the network of scientific centers to develop a booklet “Basic Knowledge of Nuclear Hazards: Lessons from CHERNOBYL and FUKUSHIMA” in order to better inform and protect people against nuclear or radiation disasters. The Booklet has been developed, translated in 12 languages, successfully presented in more than 20 countries and became an information tool for better protection of people. This is a good basis for harmonising the response of nuclear hazards in case of an accident involving different countries, which is extremely important for cross-border cooperation. Unfortunately, in case of nuclear accident people do not directly feel the radiation and have to trust information, which could be different in neighbouring countries and needs to be harmonised, as well as early warning and other implemented countermeasures.

We continue collecting and distributing best international experience for the protection of people against nuclear disasters, also using good governance practices in the management of nuclear disasters and cross‐border technology. National and international regulation (like IAEA conventions) defined some key points in cross-border cooperation in case of nuclear accident but precise studies of Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters on international exercises in neighbour countries demonstrated that some important issues for better protection of people still need improvement. Like the harmonisation of early warning systems, effective channels for communication, taking into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others. 

Most significant achievements

The European Centre for Risk Prevention - Ukraine :
In 2018, the ECRP contributed to the development of a questionnaire on the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflecting on such issues to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, taking into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and the public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others.

It distributed the final questionnaire to its national authority, helping it to supply answers. 

It contributed to a recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters.

The final questionnaire and Bulgarian answers, as well as the National Data protection plan Part III (External average Plan of Kozloduy NPP 2012) and the Ordinance for order for the Constitution, storage, renewal, maintenance, provision and reporting of stocks of individual protective means (Iodine prophylactic) can be found in the appendix of the progress report.








European Natural Disasters Training Centre - Ukraine :
AFEM collaborated with the TESEC (Ukraine) to translate the booklet “Nuclear Hazards: Lessons from Chernobyl and Fukushima” into Turkish.




European Centre of Technological Safety - Ukraine :
In 2018, TESEC had developed a questionnaire in collaboration with the partner centres on listing key problems in nuclear disaster management programmes in the member States which had highlighted issues such as the importance of cross border cooperation.

The questionnaire had been distributed to all EUR-OPA member States, with replies received from 10 of them (Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Russia, Serbia and Ukraine) which demonstrates the high interest of member States to improve radiological emergency management. National Authorities responsible for emergency management, nuclear and radiological safety had replied to the questionnaire: the most comprehensive replies had been developed jointly by Emergency Service Authorities and Nuclear Regulatory Bodies.

TESEC had subsequently made recommendations to member States including the following:
  • at national level the strengthening of collaboration of National Authorities responsible for emergency management and Nuclear Regulatory Bodies;
  • countries to develop certain techniques, which should be approved at national level and pass inter-calibration for all laboratories.
It had made proposals for the future collaborations, and noted that all countries expressed an interest in developing iodine prophylaxis procedures in the case of a nuclear emergency. Thus, it was recommended to initiate in 2019 an international project on “Basic recommendation for developing of iodine prophylaxis procedures in the case of nuclear emergency for the general public".

The report on activities can be found here.





Expected results

Expected results year 1

European Centre of Technological Safety - Ukraine :

Specific objectives 2018

  • Develop a questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters. Reflect on such issues to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others. 
  • Distribute the questionnaire to member states.
  • Collect information from the replies to the questionnaire and analyse it.
  • Develop proposals for good governance practices.
  • Prepare a document for adoption by EUR-OPA and distribution to member States.

Expected results 2018

Better protection of people against nuclear disasters using good governance practices in the management of nuclear disasters and cross‐border technology.

A questionnaire will be developed for defining good governance practices for better protection of people against nuclear disasters, taking into account cross‐border cooperation. It will be distributed to member states for collecting data on different practice and problems, and will be analysed by experts. On this basis, recommendations for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters will be developed and adopted by EUR-OPA.

A questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issues to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others will be developed. 

A recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters will be developed and adopted by EUR-OPA.

ECRP ECBR ECRM AFEM TESEC

European Centre of Technological Safety - Ukraine



Deliverables year 1

Development of a questionnaire, distribution of the questionnaire to the member states, report on replies obtained, drafting of Recommendations to be addressed to EUR-OPA member states.

A questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issues to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others will be developed. 

A recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters will be developed.

Activities year 1

Develop a questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issue to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others. 

Distribute the questionnaire to member states.

Collect information from the replies to the questionnaire of different countries and analyse it.

Develop proposals for good governance practices. Prepare document for adoption by EUR-OPA and distribution to member states.

The European Centre for Risk Prevention - Bulgaria



Deliverables year 1


  • Contribution to the questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issues to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others.
  • Contribution to a recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters.

Activities year 1


  • Contribute to developing the questionnaire about the governance of trans-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters.
  • Help national authority to reply to the questionnaire.
  • Contribute to developing proposals for good governance practices.

European Centre for Rehabilitation of Buildings - Romania



Deliverables year 1


  • Contribution to the questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issue to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others.
  • Contribution to a recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters.

Activities year 1


  • Contribute to developing the questionnaire about the governance of trans-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters.
  • Help national authority to reply to the questionnaire.
  • Contribute to developing proposals for good governance practices.

European Interregional Scientific and Educational Centre on Major Risk Management - Armenia



Deliverables year 1


  • Contribution to the questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issue to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others.
  • Contribution to a recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters.

Activities year 1


  • Contribute to developing the questionnaire about the governance of trans-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters.
  • Help national authority to reply to the questionnaire.
  • Contribute to developing proposals for good governance practices.

European Natural Disasters Training Centre - Turkey



Deliverables year 1


Booklet “Basic Knowledge of Nuclear Hazards: Lessons from CHERNOBYL and FUKUSHIMA” translated to Turkish and presented to National authority.

Activities year 1


Translate into Turkish the “Basic Knowledge of Nuclear Hazards: Lessons from CHERNOBYL and FUKUSHIMA” Booklet to present it to national authority.

European Centre of Technological Safety - Ukraine



Deliverables year 1


Development of a questionnaire, distribution of the questionnaire to the member states, report on replies obtained, drafting of Recommendations to be addressed to EUR-OPA member states.

A questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issues to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others will be developed. 

A recommendation for better protection of people in case of nuclear disasters will be developed.

Activities year 1


Develop a questionnaire about the governance of cross-border collaboration in case of nuclear disasters, reflect on such issue to better harmonise early warning systems, effective channels for communication, take into account different levels of emergency management (state, local), communication with mass media and public, radio-monitoring procedures and forecasting of the radiological situation, intervention levels for different countermeasures and others. 

Distribute the questionnaire to member states.

Collect information from the replies to the questionnaire of different countries and analyse it.

Develop proposals for good governance practices. Prepare document for adoption by EUR-OPA and distribution to member states.

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