Major Hazards Specialised Centers
European and Mediterranean
Major Hazards Agreement
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Germany

Improving governance of wildfire disaster risk reduction through cross-border cooperation between CoE member states, with adjoining countries and globally

Period2018 - 2019
Partners
Coordinator centre : Global Fire Monitoring Center

Project background

Fires burning in forests and in other ecosystems often cross borders between different jurisdictions within a country and borders between neighbouring countries. Following the UNECE / FAO Regional Forum on Cross-boundary Fire Management, organised by the GFMC in 2013 and supported by the CoE EUR-OPA Secretariat, representatives of the CoE Member States (also in their function as UNECE and OSCE Member / Participating States) recommended the establishment of the UNISDR International Wildfire Preparedness Mechanism (IWPM), aimed at enhancing governance of wildfire emergency management across borders (IWPM was established 2014; Interim Secretariat: GFMC). Between 2010 and 2017 the EUR-OPA Secretariat provided seed funding for the GFMC to establish two regional branches of GFMC in Europe (RFMC & REEFMC); RCAFMRC in Mongolia was established with funding of OSCE (2015); and the REFMC, the FMRC-SEA and the FMRC-SAR are being established by support of the GFMC in 2017. The last major wildfire emergencies within Europe and along the borders with neighbour regions, as well as in other regions (Israel 2016, Chile 2017), revealed the need to further develop or refine guidelines, Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and protocols aimed at enhancing inter-operability, effectiveness and efficiency of cross-border cooperation in fire management. The process of intensifying and further refining capacity building and preparedness within Member States and globally. The experience of GFMC and its core partners gained in the frame of the work under the sponsorship of the EUR-OPA increasingly demanded within the CoE Member States. However, vice-versa, Europe is profiting from experiences gained in regions outside Europe. Sharing of experiences in cross-boundary cooperation in fire management with other regions of the world will be a significant benefit for the CoE Member States.

Expected results

Expected results year 1

Global Fire Monitoring Center - Germany :

Specific objectives 2018

Organization of two consultations:

(1) 2018 Activity I: A national workshop and consultation in Russia will be organized at the newly established REFMC in Krasnoyarsk (Russia). Objectives: (a) Discussion of the lessons identified by the EUR-OPA/GFMC project Enhancing the national interagency and international cross-boundary dialogue and inter-operability in fire management in Southeast Europe and Eastern Europe (2016-17) and applicability in the Eastern region of CoE Member States; (b) Use of satellite-derived fire information processed and distributed by REFMC within Russia and neighbouring countries; (c) Intensifying of cooperation between the REFMC, other Russian institutions and relevant institutions of neighbouring countries.

(2) 2018 Activity II: Conducting a regional consultation between CoE Member States, to be convened at GFMC (Germany). Objective: Discussion of progress and further sharing of experience in cross-boundary cooperation in fire management of CoE Member States. This consultation will be organized with the OSCE (in following-up the OSCE Ministerial Council Decision 6/2014) and the UNISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group).

Expected results 2018

(1)

Foster dialogue and cooperation in the field of wildland fire early warning, monitoring, capacity building and management, including wildfire emergency situations, between CoE Member States, represented by Russia, with emphasis on border-crossing fires and transboundary smoke pollution. The Russian Center established in Krasnoyarsk 2017, which by mandate shall synergize with the Central Asian Center in Mongolia (RCAFMRC) (operational since 2015), will establish formal ties and agree on details of cross-boundary cooperation in fire management by a MoU or LoI.

(2)

Evaluation of progress made in establishing dialogue and mechanisms in cross-boundary cooperation in fire management in SE Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with emphasis on border-crossing fires and transboundary smoke pollution, notably transboundary transport of Black Carbon and radioactivity activated and transported by fire smoke. Sharing of experiences and development of recommendations for future coordinated bilateral and multilateral agreements.

Expected results year 2

Specific objectives 2019

Organization of a consultation in the format of a side event at the 7th International Wildland Fire Conference (Brazil, May 2019) entitled: Sharing experience in enhancing national interagency and international cross-boundary dialogue and inter-operability in fire management in Europe with other regions. This event will follow the format of a similar CoE/EUR-OPA side event at the 6th Conference in Korea 2015. Objective: To promulgate the achievements in cross-border cooperation gained by EUR-OPA projects during the (then) last decade. Most importantly for choosing this conference is the expected exchange with the experiences of cross-boundary cooperation in wildfire emergencies between countries of other regions of the world and the benefits for European countries for learning the experiences of other regions with regards to bilateral and multilateral legal and voluntary agreements, and vice-versa, other regions globally to share experiences with Europe. The overall aim of the consultation will be to increase the political awareness for the need of developing targeted and effective preparedness for managing large wildfire emergencies that will require multinational assistance and cooperation.

Expected results 2019

Evaluation of progress made in establishing dialogue and mechanisms in cross-boundary cooperation in fire management in Europe and other regions at international level, with emphasis on border-crossing fires and transboundary smoke pollution. Sharing of experiences, lessons identified in successful and failed activities in cross-boundary fire management, and development of recommendations for future coordinated bilateral and multilateral action. Focus: Development of bilateral agreements, multilateral voluntary frameworks (guidelines, standards, and SOPs).
GFMC

Global Fire Monitoring Center - Germany



Deliverables year 1

2018 (1)

Coordinator Centre: GFMC will deliver the report summarizing the results of the consultation and provide recommendations and good practices to improve governance and cross-border cooperation on wildfire disaster risk reduction with emphasis on Eastern Europe.

Partner 1: The Regional Eurasia Fire Monitoring Center (REFMC) (Krasnoyarsk, Russia) has established a web portal for their wildland fire early warning and monitoring products to be made publicly available and has signed a MoU or LoI with the Central Asian Center.

2018 (2)

Coordinator Centre: GFMC will deliver the report summarizing the results of the second consultation and provide recommendations and good practices to improve governance and cross-border cooperation on wildfire disaster risk reduction among the Council of Europe Member States.

Partners 1 to 4: The heads of the 4 Regional Centers (REFMC, RCAFMRC, RFMC, and REEFMC) have prepared a presentation summarizing the experience and success of the work of their centers, and present these to the host (GFMC) and other attendees at the consultation (regional representatives of the Global Wildland Fire Network). The results will be inputs to the joint report by GFMC.



Deliverables year 2

Coordinator Centre: GFMC will deliver the report summarizing the results of the Side Event and provide recommendations, good practices and guidelines to improve governance and cross-border cooperation on wildfire disaster risk reduction at international level.

Partners 1 to 6: The six Regional Fire Monitoring Centers / Regional Fire Management Resource Centers have prepared a presentation summarizing the experience and success of the work of their centers, and present these at the Side Event. The results will be Regional Statements, which inputs to the joint report by GFMC and enter the recommendations of the 7th International Wildland Fire Conference.


Activities year 1

2018 (1)

Coordinator Centre: The GFMC as coordinator will administer the complete budget (costs for catering, accommodation and travel), but source out different preparatory and logistical tasks to the Partners 1 and 2. GFMC will take the overall responsibility of preparing, moderating and reporting.

Partner 1: Host of the consultation: The Regional Eurasia Fire Monitoring Center (REFMC), established in Krasnoyarsk (Russia) in 2017 will organize the local logistics of the workshop & consultation.

Partner 3: The head of the Regional Central Asia Fire Management Resource Center (RCAFMRC) (founded 2015 and based in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia) is a former staff member of GFMC and has worked for EUR-OPA-sponsored activities of GFMC and has supported building the regional centers in FYROM and Ukraine. He is now the head of the first Regional Fire Center outside of Europe. For the future work of the Russian REFMC his participation and inputs are vital, especially since the two centers have different fundamental tasks (Russia: Satellite Fire Monitoring; Mongolia: Fire Management Capacity Building, Fire Management Policy development). He shall be invited to share the experience and success of the work of his Center. His Center will work with and benefit Partner 1 in the preparation and organization of the consultation and the future work programme. The sponsoring of his travel costs to the two meetings in 2018 are justifiable because of the expected value added to the performance of the new center in Russia.

2018 (2)

Coordinator Centre: The GFMC as coordinator will administer the complete budget (costs for catering, accommodation and travel), serve as host and take the overall responsibility of preparing, moderating and reporting.

Partners 1 to 4: Attend and contribute to the consultation.

Activities year 2

2019

Coordinator Centre: The GFMC as coordinator will administer the complete budget (costs for catering, accommodation and travel), but source out different preparatory and logistical tasks to Partner 6 (Brazil). GFMC will take the overall responsibility of preparing, moderating and reporting.

Partner 6: Host of the Side Event.

Partners 1 to 5: The other five Regional Fire Monitoring Centers / Regional Fire Management Resource Centers will attend and contribute. Note: The centers outside of Europe will NOT be financially sponsored.

Global Fire Monitoring Center - Germany



Deliverables year 1


2018 (1)

Coordinator Centre: GFMC will deliver the report summarizing the results of the consultation and provide recommendations and good practices to improve governance and cross-border cooperation on wildfire disaster risk reduction with emphasis on Eastern Europe.

Partner 1: The Regional Eurasia Fire Monitoring Center (REFMC) (Krasnoyarsk, Russia) has established a web portal for their wildland fire early warning and monitoring products to be made publicly available and has signed a MoU or LoI with the Central Asian Center.

2018 (2)

Coordinator Centre: GFMC will deliver the report summarizing the results of the second consultation and provide recommendations and good practices to improve governance and cross-border cooperation on wildfire disaster risk reduction among the Council of Europe Member States.

Partners 1 to 4: The heads of the 4 Regional Centers (REFMC, RCAFMRC, RFMC, and REEFMC) have prepared a presentation summarizing the experience and success of the work of their centers, and present these to the host (GFMC) and other attendees at the consultation (regional representatives of the Global Wildland Fire Network). The results will be inputs to the joint report by GFMC.



Deliverables year 2


Coordinator Centre: GFMC will deliver the report summarizing the results of the Side Event and provide recommendations, good practices and guidelines to improve governance and cross-border cooperation on wildfire disaster risk reduction at international level.

Partners 1 to 6: The six Regional Fire Monitoring Centers / Regional Fire Management Resource Centers have prepared a presentation summarizing the experience and success of the work of their centers, and present these at the Side Event. The results will be Regional Statements, which inputs to the joint report by GFMC and enter the recommendations of the 7th International Wildland Fire Conference.


Activities year 1


2018 (1)

Coordinator Centre: The GFMC as coordinator will administer the complete budget (costs for catering, accommodation and travel), but source out different preparatory and logistical tasks to the Partners 1 and 2. GFMC will take the overall responsibility of preparing, moderating and reporting.

Partner 1: Host of the consultation: The Regional Eurasia Fire Monitoring Center (REFMC), established in Krasnoyarsk (Russia) in 2017 will organize the local logistics of the workshop & consultation.

Partner 3: The head of the Regional Central Asia Fire Management Resource Center (RCAFMRC) (founded 2015 and based in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia) is a former staff member of GFMC and has worked for EUR-OPA-sponsored activities of GFMC and has supported building the regional centers in FYROM and Ukraine. He is now the head of the first Regional Fire Center outside of Europe. For the future work of the Russian REFMC his participation and inputs are vital, especially since the two centers have different fundamental tasks (Russia: Satellite Fire Monitoring; Mongolia: Fire Management Capacity Building, Fire Management Policy development). He shall be invited to share the experience and success of the work of his Center. His Center will work with and benefit Partner 1 in the preparation and organization of the consultation and the future work programme. The sponsoring of his travel costs to the two meetings in 2018 are justifiable because of the expected value added to the performance of the new center in Russia.

2018 (2)

Coordinator Centre: The GFMC as coordinator will administer the complete budget (costs for catering, accommodation and travel), serve as host and take the overall responsibility of preparing, moderating and reporting.

Partners 1 to 4: Attend and contribute to the consultation.

Activities year 2


2019

Coordinator Centre: The GFMC as coordinator will administer the complete budget (costs for catering, accommodation and travel), but source out different preparatory and logistical tasks to Partner 6 (Brazil). GFMC will take the overall responsibility of preparing, moderating and reporting.

Partner 6: Host of the Side Event.

Partners 1 to 5: The other five Regional Fire Monitoring Centers / Regional Fire Management Resource Centers will attend and contribute. Note: The centers outside of Europe will NOT be financially sponsored.

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